PhD writing guidelines for research scholars in India


A PhD paper requires considerable time and effort. Although writing a PhD paper is not a difficult task, but it has some specific guidelines to follow. A research scholar is often required to write a PhD paper in the last few months of his degree course. Work on the text as you shape your PhD. Read what great writers say about how to write and follow their suggestions. However, in order to increase your chances of success in writing your PhD, it is advisable to follow the following PhD guidelines.  

Thesis structure:

A PhD thesis can be written in the “traditional thesis format” which basically includes a general introduction, a literature review, a comprehensive description of the materials and methods, the presentation of all the findings and a general discussion in a manuscript format where the main chapters are written.   


There is no need to write chronologically. At this point, work on each chapter in your mind or whatever is relevant to what you are doing right now, but then come back to it and reconstruct it into a continuous, consistent part as needed.  

Error-free writing:

Think carefully about your writing. Write down your first draft and then give a look with a critical eye. Read carefully the writing and check it closely for style and sense. Look for common errors such as grammar, spelling, sentence construction. If you are too attached to the text to take a step back and not able to do so, ask a friend or colleague to read it critically. 

Referencing style:

Most universities use a preferred style of reference and you should know that particular style which is asked to use in your PhD paper. One of the most common errors of PhD thesis writing is citing a textbook that does not appear in the bibliography. You should check all the references minutely with bibliography before submission.  

Plagiarism free text:

You should be aware of plagiarism. If you are quoting from other sources, then quote them properly and use paraphrase as needed for your argument. Carefully using the references is invaluable and will help you to avoid copying from other work unintentionally. You should be conscious when quoting from other sources. When you are collecting quotes for your thesis, make sure that the emphasis is on the original text and take careful note that in order to assure fidelity to your source, accurately replicate the work and save the original spelling.  


Remember that your PhD thesis is an opportunity to present your work in the best possible way. The first paragraph of your thesis should convey the idea clearly. Attract your reader with your quality writing, and be clear about your hypothesis and your conclusion, adding material that adds value to it. This is a great opportunity to showcase your expertise to the readers.


The above discussion indicates an easy and accurate way to write a PhD thesis. A researcher should go through the above points and maintain the following guidelines in order to deliver quality PhD writing. 

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